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New Zealand is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. First settled by Maori from Polynesia, New Zealand became a colony in the British Empire in 1840. During the 19th century, New Zealand experienced several conflicts between the settler colonists and Maori (known as the New Zealand, or Maori, Wars), and its 20th-century battlefield engagements revolved around the active participation in both World Wars (1914–1919; 1939–1945) and the Vietnam War (1964–1975).

These three wars had different ramifications on the public memory of New Zealand. The commemoration and function of public memory after World War I bonded the nation together in solemn appreciation and mourning for the fallen soldiers, notably through the growth of Anzac Day (April 25). Anzac references both the Australian and New ...

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