Morocco occupies a central location in a trade zone connecting the Senegambia and Niger River systems of West Africa to the Pyrenees, Loire River, and Languedoc districts of Spain and France. Human fossil remains and genetic anthropology studies of Europeans and Northwest Africans establish this as a Neolithic world-trade system. Two thousand years of Moroccan history chronicle changes in control of this ancient trade route and the Strait of Gibraltar. Morocco and Spain continue to contest territory.

History of Morocco

The written history about Morocco, the Imazighen people, and Spain goes back to antiquity. The region was developed as a unit under the North African empire headquartered at Carthage. In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE, Rome and Carthage fought three Punic Wars (the word Punic is ...

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