Lithuania (Lietuva) is a country on the Baltic Sea (Baltoscandia, as part of northern European geopolitical map); its capital is Vilnius (population 542,664 in 2015). Lithuania is a unitary parliamentary republic, and since May 2004, it has been a member of the European Union. Its area is 25,210 square miles, located along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark; it borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (an exclave of the Russian Federation) to the southwest. The estimated population of Lithuania is 3,000,000, including over 80% ethnic Lithuanians, 6.6% Poles, and 5.8% Russians, along with a tiny fraction of Germans, Roma, and others (2013 census). The Lithuanian ...

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