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Located on the north coast of Africa, most of the country is desert. As a result, much of the fighting that has taken place in the country has focused on the north, along the Mediterranean Coast. There was fighting when the Persians, under Emperor Cambyses II, conquered part of modern-day Libya in 525 BCE. Alexander the Great later took control of this region, and it was then controlled by Carthage and then was conquered by the Romans. In the fifth century CE, the Vandals drove out the Romans and took over most of North Africa, but the Byzantines managed to assert control a century later, after which the area was captured by the Arabs.

In early modern times, ships from Libya attacked European shipping, and these ...

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