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Kuwait (the State of Kuwait) is a country on the Arabian Peninsula with a population of 3.4 million (2015 estimate). It borders Iraq to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the south and southwest, and the shores of the Arabian Gulf on the west. Wars have significantly shaped and transformed Kuwait. While the 18th and 19th centuries were the site of incessant and traditional tribal warfare over land hegemony and scarce resources in the arid Arabian Peninsula, 20th- and 21st-century Kuwait-related wars assume a multifaceted, global character. Not only did both world wars impact Kuwait, but also, the eight-year Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988), the resistance campaign against Iraqi occupation in 1990–1991, the Gulf War to liberate Kuwait in 1991, the Iraq War of 2003, and what came ...

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