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Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. It is a set of doctrines, beliefs, rites, and costumes spanning close to 4,000 years and codified in writing around the 1st century CE. The inception of Judaism is believed to date to 2000 BCE in the land of Canaan, today Israel. Judaism is monotheistic; that is, it espouses the belief in one God, as revealed to his people, the ancient Israelites. The founder of Judaism is Abraham, the first biblical patriarch. This entry explores the sacred texts, history, and branches of Judaism and Judaism’s view on war.

Sacred Texts

Judaism is codified in a series of sacred texts, of which the Tanach is the first. The Tanach consists of 24 books. Its most important text is the Torah ...

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