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In the late 20th century, a number of societies in Southeast and East Asia adopted the English-language word tomboy as a name for masculine women, transmasculine people, and trans men. In Thailand, this became tom and has been used both by tom themselves and Thai society generally. Tom adopt various masculine-associated personal styles, demeanors, and manners of speech. Traditionally, tom romantically partner with feminine women, called dee (from the English word lady), but tom modes of masculinity, sexual expression, and social networks have transformed beyond Thai conventions of binary gender and sexuality.

Relative Acceptance

Tom experience less public oppression in Thai society than do masculine females and trans men in much of the world, and their gender identities and sexual relationships are not criminalized. Since the ...

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