Garland, Jack Bee

Jack Garland was a trans man who lived and worked in late 19th-century and early 20th-century California. His mother was Eliza Garland, the daughter of Rice Garland, a Louisiana congressional representative, and his father was José Marcos Mugarrieta, the first Mexican consul to California. In the course of his life, Garland worked as a reporter in Stockton, California; served as an interpreter in the Spanish-American War; and became a Red Cross nurse following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. At different times accepted and rejected because of his gender, his history has much to teach us about trans lives at the turn of the 20th century.


Born in San Francisco on December 9, 1869, Garland grew up in a world where the anti-trans writings of the early ...

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