Originating from a critique of Arthur Janov’s work on primal therapy, primal integration embraces many of Janov’s concepts, including the emphasis on deep feelings and early experiences. A depth therapy, primal integration focuses mostly on trauma, including perinatal trauma and trauma from birth, as it attempts to have clients work through early memories. The intended outcome is for clients to become warmer, more “human,” less defensive, and more in touch with their real, authentic selves than they were before entering therapy.

Historical Context

Primal integration as a separate approach was created by the staff of the Center for the Whole Person in 1962 and later adopted and expanded by Frank Lake and William Emerson using ideas from Stanislav Grof. Grof’s research, which extended over 50 years, examined ...

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