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Non-Western approaches to counseling and psychotherapy is a broad and nonspecific category that encompasses methods considered to have their origins outside Western developments in counseling and psychotherapy. “Non-Western” in this context usually refers to the people and cultures of India, China, Japan, and Korea, although in some sources “non-Western” includes Africa, South America, and the Pacific Islands. Some sources utilize the label “non-Western” to designate those approaches that are rooted in indigenous cultures and often include spiritual and faith-based beliefs and practices.

Historical Context

The origins of non-Western approaches to counseling and psychotherapy predate the West’s formalization and professionalization of methods that aim to help people with psychological need. Ancient artifacts from early civilizations reveal methods of herbal medicine, bonesetting, and surgery; modernity has less evidence for ...

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