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Based in Buddhist philosophy, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an 8-week structured group program that was developed for medical patients with chronic pain, cancer, and other physical difficulties to treat their physical health concerns. Since that time, MBSR has been used to treat anxiety and depression as well as other mental health symptoms and continues to be offered to individuals with chronic pain and other physical and mental health issues.

Historical Context

MBSR arises out of Buddhist philosophy, particularly the Buddhist practices of meditation and mindfulness. Mindfulness is defined as the ongoing cultivation of a nonjudgmental awareness and acceptance of the present moment. MBSR was developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn, at the University of Massachusetts, in 1979 and became widely popularized by his book Full Catastrophe Living: Using ...

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