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Developed by Philip H. Friedman, integrative forgiveness psychotherapy posits that there is one core problem underneath all other problems, unforgiveness, and one core solution, forgiveness. Unforgiveness is defined as judgments, grievances, and attack thoughts against oneself, others, and circumstances.

Historical Context

In the 1960s and early 1970s, Friedman trained in a wide range of traditional therapeutic approaches, including behavioral and cognitive-behavioral therapy, multimodal therapy, and family systems and existential-humanistic approaches to psychotherapy. In the 1970s, Friedman experienced transpersonal/ spiritual disciplines such as yoga and Arica, which emphasized union and oneness as well as deep inner peace, love, and happiness. His exposure to the Foundation for Inner Peace’s A Course in Miracles in the late 1970s shifted the emphasis to forgiveness of grievances, judgments, and attack thoughts. Lack ...

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