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Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), the father of psychoanalysis, began his career as a neurologist, but his interests soon switched to assisting neurotic patients with their anxiety symptoms. Freud’s theoretical odyssey began with a theory about hysterical symptomology and evolved into a theory about psychotherapy and psychological development and eventually a method for examining cultural phenomena. He is generally considered one of the most important intellectual thinkers of the 20th century.

Historical Context

Psychoanalytic treatment has emerged from the groundbreaking research and writing of Freud and his early followers like Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Otto Rank, and Sandor Ferenczi. Freud began his career as a neurologist, which oriented him toward a biological approach to mental disorders. Eventually, Freud was drawn into psychiatry through his interest in hypnotic phenomena ...

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