The therapies included in this entry are well-known to the public and tend to be the most used approaches by counselors and therapists. In addition, these approaches can often be found in many of the dozens of “counseling theory” texts that are used in training programs around the United States and the world. Although some of the approaches are more than 100 years old, they are still widely popular. Other approaches listed here have been developed and gained popularity recently, within the past 25 years.

Historical Context

During the end of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century, psychology was largely based on what became known as the first, second, and third forces. The first force, psychoanalysis and its derivatives (sometimes called psychodynamic therapies), was ...

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