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Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of counseling and psychotherapy that focuses on changing maladaptive behaviors, emotions, and thoughts. The name refers to behavior therapy (BT), cognitive therapy (CT), and to therapies that are based on a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles and research. Many therapists working with individuals dealing with anxiety and depression use a combination of cognitive and behavioral therapy. Unlike other approaches that focus on insight, such as the psychoanalytic psychotherapy and existential-humanistic approaches, CBT is “problem focused” and “action oriented.” This means that CBT addresses the specific problems of clients and provides them with specific strategies for dealing with those problems. CBT can be used with adults, adolescents, and children. It is thought to be effective for the treatment ...

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