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Analytical psychology is the name that the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961) gave to the set of discoveries and the school of psychology that he originated. The development of analytical psychology evolved out of Jung’s early work with Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) and later out of Jung’s understanding of the nature of the unconscious and its relationship to human growth and development. In particular, Jung’s work differed from Freud’s in that Jung’s work greatly expanded understanding of the unconscious. For Jung, the unconscious included not only personal content but also inherited content. His research and clinical observations led to many contributions to our understanding of the development of an individual’s conscious capacity and ego, such as complexes, introversion and extraversion, persona, and shadow. Jung further ...

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