Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP), a term coined by Ted Nelson, is the primary means by which data (text, graphics, music, and video) are communicated across the Internet. Hypertext refers to documents with links that connect various devices or nodes within the Internet; hypertext documents can be manipulated with hypertext markup language (HTML). HTTP is the set of standards by which devices, servers, and browsers share hypertexts with one another. Thus, if webpages are created in HTML, their information is shared via HTTP. More specifically, HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted and what actions web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands. HTTP was designed to facilitate interactions among servers, browsers, and other devices (e.g., mobile ones) and minimize response times. ...

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