YouTube is a market-dominating, large-scale video-sharing website founded by Steven Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim and is headquartered at San Bruno, California. The domain name was activated on February 14, 2005, and just over 2 months later, Karim uploaded its first video, filmed at the San Diego Zoo and titled “Me at the Zoo.” In November 2006, Google acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion and has since operated it as a subsidiary. This entry discusses YouTube’s history, business model, and participatory culture, as well as popular YouTube video genres and their impact.

In July 2006, YouTube reported that it had nearly 20 million unique monthly users who had collectively watched some 2.5 billion videos in the previous month, with 65,000 new ones uploaded daily. By ...

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