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The attacks on September 11, 2001 (9/11) dramatically transformed the way terrorism is perceived, both globally and in the United States. Before the attacks, terrorism was considered a minor aspect of violent political conflicts and thus received limited attention from policymakers, practitioners, and academics. More than 15 years later, countering the impact and consequences of terrorist campaigns constitutes one of the most important objectives of many countries’ foreign and domestic policies. Particularly in the United States and other Western nations, the response to the attacks encompassed significant parts of the political and social spheres. New legislation was introduced, which restructured the balance between security needs and civil liberties, as well as reshaping the normative priorities of many communities. New governmental bodies were established, and existing ...

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