Nazism refers to the ideas and practices of the people associated with the National Socialist German Worker’s Party from 1919 until 1945. Core ideals of Nazism include a belief in the racial superiority of the Aryan race, extreme German nationalism, and a commitment to a strong, paternalistic government with control over political and social life. During its time in power, the Nazi government under Adolf Hitler used policing and surveillance to detect and punish dissidents. The three main policing groups, (1) the Sturmabteilung (SA), (2) the Schutzstaffel (SS), and (3) the Geheime Staatspolizei, known more commonly as the Gestapo, had the authority to arrest, torture, and even execute anyone whom the government perceived to be an enemy of the state. In addition to policing, ...

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