Modernism, a time of tremendous cultural change, flourished between 1900 and 1930. This entry reviews the evolution of Modernism from Premodernism to Postmodernism, discusses the key characteristics of Modernism and influential Modernists, and considers the effects of Modernist thinking on various aspects of society, including surveillance.


The period of time that begins with the advent of writing up to 1650 is called Premodernism. Knowledge during this period came primarily from the church. The world was viewed through a theological lens in which everything that happened from why the sun rises in the east and sets in the west (the Sun God Apollo was moving the sun that way in his chariot) to why bad things happen to good people (it was God’s will) was seen as ...

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