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The KGB was the organization for state security in the Soviet Union from 1954 until the collapse of the USSR in 1991. The KGB took on various forms from 1917 until its final organizational reordering in March 1954. The KGB acted as internal security, foreign intelligence, and counterintelligence collection and was connected in many ways to the criminal police as well.

The KGB in the Soviet Bloc

The KGB was tasked with monitoring the Soviet Bloc, or Warsaw Pact nations, during the Cold War. Spying operations, code-named PROGRESS, were initiated to monitor public opinion, to infiltrate subversive groups, and to watch for signs of ideological sabotage from Western countries. These operations began in Czechoslovakia and spread to Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, East Germany, and Hungary. From 1969 on, ...

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