Compared with other European countries, Italy arrived late to the formalization of a normative framework for the protection of personal data, as mandated by the European Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data of 1981 and Directive 95/46/CE of the European Parliament on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. However, it serves as an exemplar for how such mandates can be legislated to protect the privacy and security of citizens in the digital environment. This entry offers a summary of Italy’s data protection legislation that was in place as of July 31, 2014. After an overview of the main acts and the key ...

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