In 1996, Guatemala ended a 36-year civil war. Since ending this formal conflict, it has remained plagued by insecurity. Severe, systemic crime associated with drug cartels, gangs, and organized crime has resulted in the prioritization of public safety and security. Guatemala is committed to modernizing its security infrastructure, but changes in surveillance have also resulted in repressive measures that can target private citizens. The growth of private security forces and the expanded presence of military forces have contributed to this trend of repression. By all measures, Guatemala continues to be a dangerous region for journalists and activists, many of whom routinely experience surveillance in their home and workplace. This results in threats, intimidation, and pressure to terminate their work. Although Internet usage is still low ...

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