Security concerns attracted international interest in Africa during the Cold War, when the struggle between Western and Eastern powers, primarily the United States and the Soviet Union, resulted in “proxy wars,” or the use of unstable African nations to represent the conflicts of larger nations. Today, many African regions receive the label of “comprador regimes,” whereby African nation-state rulers ignore the needs of their citizens in favor of the economic and political interests of foreign nations.

The location of the Republic of Djibouti—on the Horn of Africa bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, and Eritrea—has given it a unique position in global negotiations over security, especially in counterterrorism efforts in a post-9/11 world. Djibouti, which oversees access to the Red Sea, has become an international military training ground, where ...

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