Crime mapping is a technology-based analytic method widely used by crime analysts, strategists and planners, and operational officers and policymakers in police and other law enforcement agencies to identify, detect, map, and display the spatial and, often, the temporal distribution of crime incidents and crime patterns. By identifying the locations and the times at which crimes have already occurred, the capacity of crime mapping analysis to recognize ongoing crime patterns and trends has great predictive value in terms of focusing police activity and police resources at the locations where they will have the greatest impact in reducing crime and hence increasing security. This entry reviews crime mapping techniques and discusses the benefits as well as concerns associated with its use, including civil rights and privacy ...

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