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Anonymous refers to an Internet-based collaborative activist organization. It launched its first major web campaign in 2008 against Scientology, with attacks against its websites, YouTube videos, and calls for protests. Anonymous lacks formal membership, is loosely organized, and is motivated by different social causes, including freedom of speech and individual privacy, rather than money. Anonymous became internationally known during 2010 for its actions against MasterCard, Visa, and PayPal in support of WikiLeaks and in 2011 with attacks against Tunisian government websites for freedom of speech and freedom from oppression during the Arab Spring. The group also declared war on terrorist organizations after the two major terrorist attacks in Paris in 2015.

Anonymous counts on the help provided by mass media in promoting its message and especially ...

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