In 1976, the U.S. Supreme Court decided the case of United States v. Miller. The case centered on the seizure of bank records by the police. The Court’s decision in this case was that a person has no Fourth Amendment privacy interest in bank records that have been given to a banking institution. Building on the decision from Katz v. United States (1967), as well as the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970, there is no legitimate expectation of privacy in the contents of checks and deposit slips. This is because the records are the property of the bank, not of the individual. The decision of the Court was with seven justices in favor and two justices dissenting. As a result of this case, the ability ...

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