The United Nations was created in 1945, in the aftermath of World War II, with the aim of preventing another global conflagration, preserving world peace, and facilitating international cooperation. The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an international organization established in 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, with the aim of securing peace and security through international cooperation. As the League of Nations could not prevent World War II, in 1946 it ceased its operation, but the United Nations inherited some of its agencies and organizations.

Initially, the name “United Nations” designated only the Allies, which opposed the Axis powers in World War II. It was coined by the U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt and was used for the first ...

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