The United Kingdom is a product of a series of territorial unions between England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The history of the state, and that of England and the empire before it, is replete with surveillance of its citizens (and subjects). Going back centuries, the king’s men might have monitored the land and property of those within his domain, or monarchical observations of the population might have been undertaken to track the spread of disease, such as the plague. Contrastingly, the United Kingdom’s contemporary use of surveillance is better known for its role in domestic and international law enforcement and counterterrorism strategies. Much of the related attention on its efforts tends to focus on the use of closed-circuit television (CCTV); however, a broader scheme ...

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