Residential segregation in its various manifestations has been inextricably intertwined with social constructions of security, as the history of racial segregation or the evolution of privately developed housing estates (i.e., gated communities) shows. The term residential segregation refers to the spatial separation of social groups in a specific region (e.g., a city). That is, specific populations tend to inhabit specific areas where the quality of the area often corresponds with the social status of the inhabitants. For example, certain areas of a city may tend to be inhabited primarily by students, immigrants, poor or wealthy people, middle-class families, or elderly people. Social status, ethnicity, religion, and age, next to claims for security, constitute the main criteria for the development of segregated residential areas in a ...

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