President George W. Bush, the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009, issued a ruling that governed the use of federal funds for human embryonic stem (ES) cell research. In a nationally broadcast speech on August 9, 2001, President Bush discussed stem cell research and, the rationale behind his decision to limit federal funding for projects using ES cells.

U.S. Politics of Abortion and Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Human embryonic stem cell research in the United States has ties to the politics of abortion. Ever since the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 ruling in Roe v. Wade that legalized abortion, debates between conservatives and liberals over human embryos have been highly contentious and emotional. The first successful human in vitro fertilization (IVF) in England ...

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