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The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) was founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital. A cancer treatment and research center in Manhattan, Sloan Kettering is one of the top U.S. cancer hospitals, as well as the world’s oldest and largest. John Jacob Astor, patriarch of the Astor family, was one of the hospital’s founders. A pioneer in radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and oncological surgery, MSK was the first hospital in the world to offer genetic counseling services related to cancer, cancer pain relief services, and cancer patient psychiatric services. Today, MSK consists of two institutions: the Sloan Kettering Institute, where pure research is conducted in cancer and related areas, and the Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases, the successor to the New York ...

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