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Diabetes mellitus, simply known as diabetes, is a category of metabolic disorders in which the blood glucose level is abnormally high because the body does not have the ability to produce enough insulin to decrease the glucose levels, the body does not respond to insulin being produced, or a combination of both. According to the American Diabetes Association, as of 2011 there are a total of 25.8 million children and adults in the United States (approximately 8.3% of the total population) who have diabetes. Among these 25.8 million people, 18.8 million have been officially diagnosed with diabetes; there are approximately 7 million people in the United States who have not been diagnosed, and it is expected that 79 million people in the nation are prediabetic. ...

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