Pancreas: Major Pathologies

Major pathologies associated with the pancreas include pancreatic cancer, acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, and type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. These conditions arise from the interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Pancreatic pathologies affect the primary functions of the pancreas and can also lead to life-threatening complications.

The pancreas has two primary functions. One function is aiding the digestion and absorption of nutrients by producing and excreting digestive enzymes, via ducts, into the duodenum (small intestine). The pancreas also serves to produce and release hormones such as insulin and glucagon into the blood stream to control blood sugar levels.

Stem cell research has the potential to offer novel therapies for a number of pancreatic diseases. For instance, stem cells may be used to generate ...

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