Muscle: Existing or Potential Regenerative Medicine Strategies

Muscle is a soft tissue of the body and is generated from the mesoderm of the developing embryo. The process of formation of muscle is called myogenesis and the word “muscle” originates from the Latin word “musculus,” meaning little mouse. There are different classifications of muscles: skeletal muscles, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle. Each category has a specific set of functions based on the location in the body.

  • Skeletal muscle: voluntary muscle that connects skeletal tissue, such as tendons. It allows physical activity and helps maintain posture.
  • Smooth muscle: lines the gut, intestine, stomach, and rectum (collectively known as esophageal muscles). They assist in tasks such as swallowing and bowel movements.
  • Cardiac muscle: an involuntary muscle that forms the heart and is responsible for the involuntary beating of ...
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