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Heart: Stem and Progenitor Cells in Adults

The heart had long been considered a terminally differentiated and fully developed organ, without the capacity to repair and renew. However, recent studies have revealed a population of cells within the human heart that possess regenerative potential like other adult stem cells.

The Human Heart

The human heart is a four-chambered muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body. It is a vital organ that keeps us alive. The heart is formed of three basic layers: the epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium, which in turn are made up of different cell types. The endocardium, the innermost layer, is made up of endothelial cells, which also make up the lining of blood vessels. The myocardium is the middle muscular layer of the heart, which is made up of cardiac ...

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