• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Gonads, Female: Cell Types Composing the Tissue

The female gonads, or reproductive organs, are situated in the ovarian fossa in the lateral wall of the pelvis on each side of the uterus as a pair of almond shaped ovaries. The ovaries are enclosed in a thick connective tissue, the tunica albuginea. This, in turn, is covered by a modified peritoneum, a single layer of simple squamous to cuboidal mesothelium, sometimes referred as germinal epithelium. The ovary is divided into a peripheral cortex and a central medulla. The cortex consists of a compact, richly cellular connective tissue stroma in which are scattered spherical bodies called ovarian follicles. The cortical stromal connective tissue is largely composed of spindle-shaped fibroblasts arranged into a characteristic whorl texture. The medulla consists of loose connective tissue, which contains ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles