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The study of stem cells has become popular in the fields of research and medicine. Preliminary experiments mostly in animal models suggest that understanding the pathology of stem cells and diseases that occur within the breast can lead to treatments for these pathologies.

Breast and Nipple Anatomy

The breasts, medically referred to as mammary glands, are located at the front of the body overlying the pectoralis major muscle. This includes the base of the breast, which is fixed between the second and sixth rib. Breast anatomy is composed of a network of glandular structures, fatty tissue, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels.

The breast has three structures: skin, subcutaneous tissue, and breast tissue. The average dimension of a breast is 10 to 12 centimeters and has a thickness of ...

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