Bladder: Current Research on Isolation or Production of Therapeutic Cells

Cellular therapy is a form of medical treatment in which cellular material is injected into a patient. In mainstream medicine, cell therapy is a subject of increasing interest and holds the basis of potential therapeutic benefit. There exists a great potential to use cellular therapy in the treatment of the urinary bladder. Current research on isolation and production of therapeutic cells in the bladder originates from stem cell studies carried out on various sources of these cells. In this article, these origins will be addressed.

Because stem cells maintain the capacity for self-renewal and the ability to differentiate into various cell lineages, they represent an important building block for bladder regenerative medicine strategies. These cells can broadly be classified into embryonic stem cells and nonembryonic cells, ...

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