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Adipose: Current Research on Isolation or Production of Therapeutic Cells

Adipose-derived stem cells, or ASCs, are a unique population of stem cells isolated from adipose tissue. These multipotent stem cells present an alternative to the widely used embryonic and hematopoietic stem cell lineages for laboratory and clinical applications in regenerative medicine. Adipose tissue is abundant in the body and exists in several forms, including bone marrow, mammary tissue, and mechanical, brown (multilocular), and white (unilocular) adipose tissues.

Traditional methods of gathering stem cells include the controversial isolation of embryonic stem cells and the painful process of procuring stem cells from bone marrow. In contrast to these methods, an efficient manner of isolating and producing reliable stem cell populations from abundant, easily accessible adipose tissue presents an appealing alternative for clinical therapeutic applications. Thus far, adipose stem ...

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