Saint-Simon, Henri de

Henri de Saint-Simon (1760–1825) was a French social theorist and founder of French socialism. His oeuvre has played a significant role in several fields of social sciences, from politics to religion, as well as influenced some prominent sociologists such as Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, and Émile Durkheim. In his writings on religion, he made a comprehensive historical analysis of the development of Christianity—especially its relation with morals and the progress of human beings—culminating in his idea of the New Christianity: a new moral doctrine based on brotherhood for future societies led by artists, manufacturers, and scientists. Hence, one of the most important contributions of Saint-Simon’s sociological approach to religion consists of how he builds the ideal of a new moral religion from the historical analysis ...

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