Revivalism is a generic concept that has been applied widely in various fields including architecture, language, social norms and customs, and religion. Indeed, in the sociology of religion, revivalism has been an important topic. It initially referred to the social movement within Christian groups, primarily the evangelical Protestant community, to revive the spirit of the past or to revitalise the spiritual zeal of its members, including the activities focused on increasing the membership of particular Protestant groups. This movement started to come into being in 17th-century Europe and America.

Some scholars have argued that as a social movement, revivalism is not related only to religious ends. In the southern region of the United States, evangelical revivalism has also functioned as a counterculture through which labourers and ...

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