Public Funding of Religion

Public funding of religion encompasses financial support from public authorities to religious—and in some countries, philosophical—communities. This support usually combines a mix of some of the following tools: direct public expenditures, general and/or specific grants, allocation of a portion of taxes, collecting church taxes, endowing a foundation with capital, tax incentives (e.g., for donations), and tax privileges (e.g., for church buildings). The extent of such support varies from one country to another (and sometimes between subnational entities); some countries officially do not fund religious or philosophical communities but, in fact, provide chaplain services and tax incentives as well as grants to faith-based schools or other institutions (e.g., United States, France).

The influence of public funding on religiosity and attitudes towards religious communities has been considered since ...

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