Protestantization of Religion

The Protestantization of religion refers to a dynamic by which various world religions, since the 18th century, in the course of their modernization process, have been reshaped according to a Protestant model. It is not about imitating Protestant mythos or beliefs. It is about appropriating the Protestant ethos. This ethos has two main dimensions: literally, it speaks of protest, and of a drive for reforming existing systems from within. Symbolically, it speaks of subjectivity, and of a drive for the self-empowerment of individuals. As it emerged from the Protestant Reformation in 16th-century Europe, this 2-fold ethos sought to empower individuals by freeing them from the reliance on human and fiscal intermediaries for God. As a consequence, the Protestant ethos initially spoke of frugality and of ...

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