Postmodernism is a highly varied movement of the last 60 years that promotes the idea that all human knowledge is relative to its historical and cultural context and that modernism’s attempts to find the one true and rational blueprint for organizing human life has been misguided and has contributed to some of the horrors of the 20th century. Religion, already divided between those who embraced the modern emphasis on reason and science and those who resisted it in the name of traditional religious doctrines, has become even more divided by attempts to appropriate or resist postmodern arguments.

The cornerstone of postmodernism is still Jean-François Lyotard’s widely quoted definition in The Postmodern Condition: “Simplifying to the extreme, I define postmodern as incredulity toward metanarratives.” However, almost every ...

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