Phenomenology refers to a ‘philosophical movement’ founded by the German philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859–1938), which has influenced numerous disciplines in the social sciences, including sociology and the academic study of religion. The phenomenology of religion has played a significant role in supporting the claim that the study of religion occupies a distinct place in the social sciences alongside sociology, psychology, history, geography, and other academic subjects. In sociology, Alfred Schütz (1899–1959) is most associated with phenomenology, particularly for his analysis of the relationship between subjectivity and objectivity in social contexts and in human decision-making.

Husserl, who began his academic career in the late 19th century as a mathematician, later studied philosophy of mind, asking how we know what we know by exploring the limits of human ...

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