Pentecostalism is a Protestant movement that emerged in North America in the early 20th century. It focuses on personal experience of the “gifts of the Holy Spirit” (charisma) as a means of deeper individual sanctification, and as a power for fueling a new missionary impulse. Its international expansion, the great diversity in its local expressions, and the rise of new charismatic movements over the last four decades have given shape to an ample Pentecostal/charismatic space in which religious practices, organizational patterns, and sociocultural backgrounds can vary considerably. However, four key elements may assist analysis of the main sociological characteristics of this space: (1) the emphasis on conversion and the way Pentecostalism strives to confirm the reality of this new birth, (2) the emotional dimension ...

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