Pancasila means the five principles, deriving from Javanized Sanskrit words (panca: five and sila: principle), used by the Indonesian founding fathers to name the five principles which serve as the foundation of the nation of Indonesia. The five principles are (1) belief in the one God, (2) a just and civilized humanity, (3) Indonesian unity, (4) democracy guided by wisdom in the consultations of representatives, and (5) social justice for all Indonesians. The Pancasila has become the philosophical, political, and social foundation of the Indonesian state and society surviving from the era of the Revolution for the independence of the nation under Sukarno (1945–1966) to the New Order period under Suharto (1966–1998) to the Reformasi era marked by the fall of Suharto in 1998 and ...

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