Orientalism is usually defined as the depiction of the East from a Western perspective in the arts, literature, the humanities, social sciences, and cultural studies. In the arts, Orientalism is found in many 19th-century paintings as the beautification of people and places, which contributed to the reproduction among the Europeans of an imaginative and exotic portrayal of the East. Orientalism in the arts is considered as an insalubrious or pathological aspect of Romanticism, which stimulated Western fantasies and fired passions about Eastern mysticism, sexuality, and pleasure. In the scientific field, as Ernst Gellner argues, Orientalists feel more comfortable with the texts, anthropologists more comfortable with the people in the villages. This means that Orientalism approaches the East and its cultural, social, and religious experiences, mainly ...

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